Double-sided icon with Virgin and Saint Barbara
Double-sided icon, i.e. one with both faces illustrated. On the front side Virgin Mary Hodegetria is depicted in bust length, praying with her right hand on the chest, holding Christ, who blesses with his right hand, while in his left hand holds a wrapped scroll. The iconographic type got its name from the original cult icon of the Monastery of Hodegon in Constantinople; this was part of a procession that used to take place every Tuesday in the streets of the city. Made of the same wood, the frame of the front side reveals the earlier stage of the painting surface, whose repainting dates from the early 15th century. On the back side Saint Barbara is represented in the style of the second half of 14th century. The 3rd century martyr is depicted in bust length, in a rich dress that hints at her noble descent. She raises the cross (symbol of her martyrdom) while she turns her left palm towards the viewer in prayer. The icon is integrated within the production of the workshop of the Macedonian area.
second half of 14th c.-early 15th c.
Height 119 cm; width 77 c.; thickness 3 cm
Material of Construction
Wood; egg tempera